NUMBERS AND OPERATIONS
PRE-KINDERGARTEN 4 YEARS
Around 12 months, a baby is able to distinguish and identify objects based on their predominant color.
However, it will not be until 2 years when the child can begin to learn colors (associating each color with its name) and learn to name them.
Recognize the range of primary colors: Red - Yellow - Blue
The primary colors (also known as "primitive colors" or "primary colours"), are those that cannot be obtained by mixing any other color, it is in other words, they are pure, unique and absolute colors with fully differentiated and unique characteristics from each other.
Following the traditional "Red - Yellow - Blue" (RYB) coloring model, there are three primary colors: red, yellow and blue.
Recognize the range of secondary colors: Green - Orange - Violet / Purple
The secondary colors (also called "complementary colors") are those that are obtained by mixing two primary colors together.
Following the traditional "Red - Yellow - Blue" (RYB) coloring model, there are three secondary colors: green, orange and purple.
The green color is also obtained by mixing the primary colors "yellow" and "blue":
Remember that you can create the color orange by mixing the primary colors "red" and "yellow":
Remember that you can create the violet color yourself if you mix the primary colors "blue" and "red":
Recognize the neutral color gamut: White - Gray - Black
The colors white, gray and black have characteristics that make them special and, for this reason, they are within the classification of neutral colors:
The white color represents the totality of color and light. It is achieved by mixing all the primary colors through a process called additive synthesis.
The black color is defined as the absence of color and light. The black color is obtained by mixing all the secondary colors following the subtractive synthesis process.
We understand gray color as the "white of less intensity", that is to say, when the white light is of low intensity our brain perceives it as a mixture between black and white causing different shades of gray (also called "grayscale color wheel").
Create the color gamut by mixing the primary and secondary colors
CHROMATIC CIRCLE WITH PRIMARY, SECONDARY AND TERTIARY COLORS
The mathematical genius Isaac Newton (1,643 - 1,727) studied primary colors and their derivatives from the nature of light and published the results in his work " Opticks " in 1,704.
He demonstrated that there are seven basic colors in light (red, orange, yellow, green, cyan, blue and violet) and created the first color wheel from mixtures of the colors.
Newton determined that the mixture of two primary colors (red, blue and yellow) gives rise to secondary colors (green, orange and violet). He also concluded that from the mixing of a primary color with a secondary one a tertiary color would originate.
Do you know what happens if we mix blue and yellow? The color green appears to us! We teach you what the color gamut is easily through the different mixtures of primary and secondary colors.
Recognize the full range of colors
Now is the time for you to shine your creativity by freely combining the different colors that we have learned. Enjoy our incredible selection of coloring pages and let your imagination run wild:
Do you want access to more Pre-Kindergarten 4 years learning?
Select more exercises, worksheets and activities of Mathematics for each of the 4 learning blocks of the Educational Curriculum ("Numbers and Operations", "Quantities and Measurements", "Geometric and Spatial Reasoning" and "Data Analysis and Probability") aimed at improving the logical-mathematical competencies and skills that are developed throughout "Pre-K4" or "Reception":
NUMBERS AND OPERATIONS
QUANTITIES AND MEASUREMENTS
GEOMETRIC AND SPATIAL REASONING
DATA ANALYSIS AND PROBABILITY
Learning is a wonderful treasure that fortunately follows its owners throughout life